The FEI has warned riders to be vigilant over feed supplies following a spate of positive tests for the banned substance synephrine.
Ten horses have tested positive for the stimulant this year, the majority based in South America. This includes four cases at the CSI4* in Balvanera, Mexico (2 to 5 March).
The FEI said investigations into the source of the positives was ongoing but that it wanted to “warn stakeholders” about the substance and “advise on measures that can be taken to prevent a positive finding”.
Synephrine is classified as a specified substance on the equine prohibited substance list, which acknowledges the risk of it accidentally entering a horse’s system through environmental sources.
Synephrine — which is used as a weight loss aid and can cause vasoconstriction and an increased heart rate — is found in plants in certain regions of the world.
It has been detected in teff grass hay in some countries, as well as in the common rush (juncus usitatus), mullumbimby couch (Cyperus brevifolus) and the leaves of citrus trees (such as mandarin, orange and lemon).
The FEI warned the substance can also be present as an ingredient in herbal and nutritional supplements and is commonly found in the peel extract of bitter orange (also known as Seville orange), which is used as a flavouring agent.
The rider and the owner’s wife were unaware he was using the product
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“The FEI urges stakeholders to be vigilant of possible sources of synephrine in the horse’s environment and implement management practices to prevent contamination or inadvertent ingestion of the substance,” a statement from the FEI said.
The organisation suggested riders use “reputable suppliers of hay, feed and supplements,” as well as “checking the horse’s environment for plants containing synephrine” and ensuring that “any personnel taking supplements or other products containing synephrine wash their hands thoroughly after coming into contact with the substance”.
“Additionally, it is recommended that samples are kept of batches of hay, feed and supplements given to competition horses to enable a thorough investigation to take place should the horse test positive for synephrine,” the statement said.
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