The show jumping world is mourning the death of a British woman who was instrumental in designing courses at two Olympic Games.
Pamela Carruthers was assistant course-builder on the Montreal Games in 1976 and technical delegate (TD) at Seoul in 1988.
She was also TD at the 1982 World Championships in Ireland.
Although she was best known for her design work overseas, Mrs Carruthers was also involved with Hickstead for 30 years, where she was responsible for the movable fences used for Nations Cups, Grands Prix and the Queen Elizabeth Cups.
She had been an international show jumper herself in the late 1940s, as well as having a successful showing career, so knew what riders and their horses required from courses.
She served two terms on the International Equestrian Federation (FEI) jumping committee and was elelcted to the American Show Jumping Hall of Fame.
Mrs Carruthers died, aged 93, on 23 September in Wiltshire and is survived by two sons.